The Meaning of G-Sync: An Introduction to G-Sync Technology

G-Sync is a proprietary adaptive sync technology made by Nvidia. It aims to provide gamers with a smoother gameplay experience by matching a monitor’s refresh rate with the frame rate that the GPU is outputting, eliminating screen stuttering or tearing. Currently, G-Sync is available on all RTX cards and most GTX graphics cards (GTX 650Ti and newer). However, gaming monitors do not come standard with this technology due to the increased cost of implementing G-Sync, which raises the price of the monitor. If you want to use G-Sync, it is important to double-check if your monitor is compatible.

G-Sync should not be confused with , which is an option in many games and is not a technology developed by Nvidia.

Intro


Regular (non G-Sync compatible) monitors refresh the image on the screen at a fixed rate (i.e. their ”). For example, a 100Hz monitor refreshes the screen 100 times per second. However, the frame rate outputted by your GPU can vary depending on various factors, such as on-screen action and the power of the graphics card. This variability can result in an unsmooth gameplay experience.

If your PC, particularly your GPU, is not powerful enough to render enough frames to match your monitor’s refresh rate, it will cause screen stuttering. While this may not be a significant issue, it can be visually displeasing and affect performance in multiplayer games. On the other hand, if your system renders more frames than your monitor can display, it can lead to screen tearing. (Refer to the image above.) Although not a major problem for some, stuttering or tearing can negatively impact the in-game experience and performance.

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How G-Sync Comes In


When used correctly, G-Sync eliminates screen tearing and stuttering by adjusting the monitor’s refresh rate to match the number of frames the GPU is outputting at all times. It is essential to have a G-Sync compatible monitor for this feature to work, as not all monitors can support it. G-Sync ensures that the GPU never outputs fewer frames than the display is rendering and vice versa. However, it is important to note that G-Sync will not function properly if the frame rate drops below 30 FPS.

G-Sync delivers on its promise, but it is a proprietary technology, so it requires investing in a monitor with a G-Sync module, which costs extra. Additionally, an Nvidia graphics card is necessary for G-Sync to work. While it is possible to use G-Sync monitors with AMD cards, the frame rate synchronization will not occur, negating one of the major advantages of having a G-Sync compatible monitor.

If you are willing to invest in a G-Sync monitor and want to enjoy games without experiencing screen tearing or stuttering, G-Sync can be the solution to your problems, provided you are willing to pay a little more.

Update at 3:01 - 31/07/2023
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